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Becoming an Army Ranger involves a rigorous process that tests a candidate's physical and mental endurance. Below, we delve into the key aspects of this process and what potential Rangers can expect on their journey.
Understanding the Role of an Army Ranger
The Army Rangers are a highly specialized light infantry unit within the U.S. Army, tasked with conducting direct raids, seizing airfields, conducting surveillance, and searching for and recovering personnel.
The 75th Ranger Regiment vs. Ranger School
Understanding the distinction between the 75th Ranger Regiment and Ranger School is crucial. The 75th Ranger Regiment is a special operations unit headquartered under the Special Operations Command in North Carolina, while the Ranger School, located in Georgia, is a leadership school under the Training and Doctrine Command in Virginia. The Ranger School is open to any member of the military, even if they do not serve in the 75th Ranger Regiment or have gone through Ranger Assessment and Selection Program (RASP) training.
The Ranger Assessment and Selection Program (RASP)
Ranger Assessment and Selection (RASP) is a challenging program designed to push a soldier's mental and physical abilities to their limits. Before attending RASP, candidates must complete Basic Combat Training, Advanced Individual Training, and a three-week Basic Airborne Course. Following these steps, they are ready to qualify for RASP, which involves a screening process, including a psychological review, background check, drug test, and an entry physical fitness test.
RASP is divided into two primary phases. Phase One includes a 12-mile ruck march with a weighted rucksack, a five-mile run, land navigation tests, first responder skills, a psychological test, and an examination of the Ranger creed and history. Phase Two involves training in tactics and marksmanship, basic regimental marksmanship, advanced regimental marksmanship, techniques for entering urban enclosures, and the use of explosives for breaching doors.
The Remaining Path to Becoming an Army Ranger
After completing Ranger Assessment and Selection Program (RASP), soldiers who pass may be assigned to the 75th Ranger Regiment. If they wish to be in a leadership position, they must complete the Ranger School, which is a highly regarded leadership school.
Army Rangers are part of a Special Operations Unit (SOF) and are a highly specialized light infantry unit. Their missions include directing raids, seizing airfields, conducting surveillance, and searching for and recovering personnel.
Ranger Assessment and Selection (RASP) is a tough course meant to test a soldier's mental and physical abilities to the absolute limit in intense conditions. It consists of different phases, including pre-qualifying (which includes a physical fitness test and other screenings), and two main phases involving various tests and training in techniques necessary for an Army Ranger.